Where Was The Potsdam Agreement Signed

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The three governments took note of discussions in recent weeks in London between representatives of the United Kingdom, the United States, the Soviet Union and France to reach agreement on the methods of trial of major war criminals whose crimes do not present a particular geographical location after the Moscow Declaration of October 1943. The three governments reaffirm their intention to bring justice quickly and safely to these criminals. They hope that the London negotiations will lead to a quick agreement to that end, and they believe it is very important that the trial of these great criminals begins as soon as possible. The first list of accused will be published before September 1. Despite numerous disagreements, the British delegation, Stalin and Truman managed to reach some agreements in Potsdam. It was decided that Germany should be occupied by the Americans, the British, the French and the Soviets. It would also be demilitarized and disarmed. The German industry used for military purposes had to be dismantled and the educational and judicial systems of the country defeated from the National Socialism of Nazism purged. The racial laws of the Nazis and other laws should be repealed and war criminals brought to justice and punished.

German society was to be transformed from a democratic point of view, but the country`s re-establishment as a sovereign state was postponed indefinitely. In the meantime, Germany was to be governed by an Allied control committee made up of the four occupying powers. After the end of the Second World War in Europe (1939-1945) and the decisions of previous conferences in Tehran, Casablanca and Yalta, the Allies had taken the highest authority over Germany by the Berlin Declaration of 5 June 1945. At the conference of the three powers in Berlin (formal title of the Potsdam Conference) from 17 July to 2 August 1945, they approved and adopted the amstbiss of 1 August 1945. The signatories were Secretary General Joseph Stalin, President Harry S. Truman and Prime Minister Clement Attlee, who had replaced Winston Churchill as the United Kingdom`s representative following the 1945 British general election. The three powers also agreed to invite France and China to participate, as members of the Council of Foreign Ministers, which was established for the agreement. The provisional government of the French Republic accepted the invitation on 7 August, with the main caveat that it would not accept from the outset any obligation to form a central government in Germany. The Germans of Czechoslovakia (34% of the population of the territory of the present-day Czech Republic), known as Sudeten Germans, but also Carpathian Germans, were driven out of the Sudetenland, where they were the majority, from the linguistic enclaves in Central Bohemia and Moravia, as well as from the city of Prague.

The Conference agreed on the creation of a Council of Foreign Ministers representing the five main powers, continuing the preliminary work essential for peace agreements and taking on other issues that could sometimes be entrusted to the Council, by mutual agreement between the governments concerned by the Council. The establishment of the Council in question did not contradict the agreement of the Crimean conference that there should be regular meetings between the foreign ministers of the three governments. After the text of the Council agreement, the following decision was taken:[7] Despite many differences, Allied leaders managed to conclude some agreements in Potsdam. Negotiators thus confirmed the status of Germany demilitarized and disarmed among the four zones of the Allied occupation.

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